Networking Hardware

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A network system usually consists of various individual components which is called Network hardware. It is responsible for transmission of data and facilitating the network operations of a computer. They are also needed for the proper communication between various devices on a network.
Network cables
Network Cables

A network cable is the transmission media that transfers data from one device to another. The most commonly used network cable is the category 5 cable with RJ – 45 connector.


Routers are connecting devices and are mainly responsible for transferring data packets between various computer networks. Usually, they are used to connect a computer or an organization’s LAN to a broadband connection. They also contain RJ-45 ports so that computers or any other device can connect with them using network cables.

Repeaters hubs and switches
Repeaters, Hubs, and Switches

Repeaters, hubs, and switches connect different network devices so that they can function in unison. A repeater is a vital component that receives a signal and renews it before transmitting it back so that the signal can travel even longer distances. A hub is nothing else but a multiport repeater that has several input and/or output ports, so that input at any port is automatically available at every other port. The switch is the component that receives data from a port. It uses packet switching in order to sort out the destination device and then forwards the data to the destination, instead of broadcasting it as a hub.


A bridge, as the name itself suggests, connects two different Ethernet network segments. Its primary function is to forward packets from a source network to a destined network.


A gateway connects completely different networks that work according to different protocols. It is the entry, and also the exit point of a network. It also controls the access to other networks.

Network Interface Cards

NIC is the component of a computer that connects it to any particular network. These cards are usually of 2 types: o Internal network cards o External network cards